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  • The cloth preparation in sixteen scenes. Utrecht 1760. Collection Centraal Museum Utrecht, cat. No. 8803.
V.l.n.r.: 1. wash. 2. painting. 3. esplanades. 4. fluff. 5. scribble. 6. spinning. 7. rinsing. 8. weaving 9. studded. 10. fulling. 11. roughening. 12. dry shaving. 13. brushing. 14. stop. 15. approve. 16. presses.

THE SECOND GENERATION

The cloth preparation in sixteen scenes. Utrecht 1760. Collection Central Museum Utrecht, cat. No. 8803.
from l to r: 1. wash. 2. painting. 3. flattening. 4. fluff. 5. scribble. 6. spinning. 7. rinsing. 8. weaving 9. studded. 10. fulling. 11. roughening. 12. dry shaving. 13. brushing. 14. stop. 15. approve. 16. presses.

Anthony (II) Noyon (1644-1704) and Josine Bonte

(from the book “De geschiedenis van de familie Noyon, Utrecht – Sneek, 1668 – 1856″, written by Tjerk Frederik Noyon, chapter 8)

Three of Anthoni and Annichen’s six children died before their parents and left no descendants.

A first small child Maria (I3, 1648-1650) died already in her cradle. Her brother Joannes (I4, 1650 -1672) died unmarried at the age of 21 ** and was buried in the Geertekerk. The register mentions of him as a “young man from the Geertesteeg”. We come back to him later. The second Maria (I5, 1654-1684) died unmarried at the age of 30 and was “gratis gesoncken” (buried free of charge).

The three others, Antony(I, 1), Jacobus (I, 2) and Catherine (I, 6), were the “adult children” who survived Anthoni (I) according to the entry of his burial in 1685.

In theUtrechtBMB-registers and other records we find information on the fate of Jacobus and Catherina, but none of Antony II.

 

Genealogy

II Antony Noyon, born in Utrecht, 10 March 1644, belonged (probably) to the religious sect of Jean de Labadie, settled in 1694 on the Grootzand in Sneek, coming from Wieuwerd (Baarderadeel), became an official town freeman there on the 6th of March 1696, cloth preparer and dyer, died in Sneek 7 October 1704, married Josine Bonte, who died in Sneek July 7, 1726.

From this marriage:

  1. Joseph, born 1675 see generation III
  2. Simeon, born probably in1681 inWieuwerd, see generation III [60]

 

 Antonies travel as labadist

From the time of Antony’s baptism in Utrechtin 1644 and when he settled in Sneek 50 years later with his wife and two sons in Sneek, we know nothing, with one exception, a fluke that we owe to a friendly communication from a correspondent. This Father Weyenborg, OFM [61], who had Noyon(s) in his family tree, had received my address from the Frisian Maritime Museum and wrote to me from Rome in 1982, where he resided at the time. He encountered in the membership registers of the Dutch Reformed Church in Utrechta certain Antony Noyon who, with testimony of the pastor Enoch Bisschop of Neusen, was admitted as a member of the church in Utrechton 27 January 1670.

I wanted to see this of course with my own eyes, and indeed I found in the part of the membership register September 1662 – 1689 of the Dutch Reformed Church, on sitting-day of the 25 March 1670, No 35, the requested communication, to which was added “lives in the Geertesteege “. It is probable that this is the 26-year-old Antony II, who would have cohabitated, as we already assumed, with his two younger brothers in the Geertesteeg, and not with his father.

The next step led to Terneuzen, the town who was called anciently Neusen. The acts of the church council of this city, present in the RA Middelburg, mention the sitting-day of 5 July 1669 the arrival of Antony Noyon, this time with testimomy of Goes! Since the registers of Goes are no longer preserved, the trail unfortunately disappears.

Antonystayed only seven months in Terneuzen. How long he stayed in Goes – and perhaps elsewhere – we do not know.

What are we to think of this strange trek? The only thing certain is that Antony was at that time was a professed member of the official church, witnesses the then customary ecclesiastical certificates which he provided throughout his successive journeys as “certificate of good conduct”, and finally that he lived some time in Zeeland, before he returned to his native town at the age of 26.

As I will demonstrate thatAntonywas probably part of the religious sect of the Labadists, a possible explanation for this journey he undertook was that he was may have been a propagandist for this movement, which had inUtrechtsome influential supporters and supported an active recruitment policy to make new members.

Antony’s travelling applies then quite logically to the following time schedule:

1667       Anna Maria Schuuurman (Utrecht) becomes the founder of the movement, and fetches Jean de Labadie to theNetherlands.

March 1669           The Walloon Synod of Dordrecht Opposes De Labadie, who tries to win souls.

5 July 1669           Antonydeparts from Goes to Terneuzen.

10 August 1669     De Labadie and his assistant Yvon leave Zealand and establish a private (home) community inAmsterdam.

1669       Yvon and his assistants du Lignon and Menuret visitRotterdam,The HagueandUtrechtto win souls. Anna Maria van Schuurman leavesUtrechtand joins the house church inAmsterdam.

27 January 1670  Antonydeparts from Terneuzen toUtrecht.

March 1670           Meetings of the Labadists inAmsterdamare prohibited.

November 1670    the house church (± 50 persons) leavesAmsterdamand settles inHerford(Germany).

About the fate of these Labadists will have devoted a separate chapter. Let’s first review the continuation ofAntony’s life, which we the track again 24 years later in Sneek.

 

 Establishment of Antony and Josine in Sneek after the abolition of the Labadists community in Wieuwerd

In the income tax registers of 1694 is mentioned for the district Grootsand:

“New inhabitants, from Wieuhwert Martinus Schuijr (= Lesueur), from Wieuhwerd Antony Noyon” [62].

If we look in  the next issues of this register, it shows thatAntonyremains registered until 1704 for a sum of 800 guilders capital at Great Sand 36, the year of his death. Martinus Lesueur, probably also a Labadist from Wieuwerd is already registered in 1696 as “left to theEast Indies”.

The Citizens Book we find then:

Today the 6th of March 1696 has become a freeman – Juratus (= certified) Antony Nojon born inUtrecht [63].

With this we have the proof that we have found the son of the now (1685) in Utrechtdeceased Anthony I.

The freeman’s oath in Sneek was only abolished in 1803 and said:
I swear (for Mennonites: promise), that I will be faithful and beneficial to this city and the bourgeoisie, that I will at all times respect the city governments and that I that I shall disclose (= denounce!) and to my capacity will prevent anything contrary to the peace and security of this city and their residents .

I doubt whether the denunciation, which seems motivated by fear of the recent revolutionary turmoil, was already included in the oath-declaration of 1696. Anyway, only after taking the oath and pay the freeman’s charges, was one allowed to start a business in the city or exercise a craft. ProbablyAntonystarted two years earlier but they turned a blind eye…

Finally, the register, which was kept by the clerk of theMartiniChurchin Sneek about ringing the death knell, stated on 7 October 1704:
“Antony Nojon, 1-10-0″ [64].

More about Antony II we do not know.
When he died, he was 60 years old and living in Sneek since 10 years, where he and his wife and his two sons had occupied a house on one of the stately canals. I can not find a proof of the sale of this house, which after the death of his widow in 1726 was no longer inhabited by the family.

Anthony is not registered as a member of the Reformed Church, although it had been the case in 1670 inZeeland and Utrecht. Even his profession is not mentioned anywhere, but we can assume that he, like his father before him and his sons after him, worked in the textile industry.

We can only explain his relative prosperity and that of his sons, at least compared to that of the family in Utrecht, if we assume that the family had an innate entrepreneurial spirit and had acquired a general knowledge and a savoir faire, which came to their good in this sleepy Sneek. How could his eldest son Joseph, who became in 1699 an attorney at the age of 24, have gained the required knowledge, to which probably also belonged some Latin? With what initial capital, was the family company founded?

Everything indicates that the answer must lie by the fairly wealthy and educated Labadists. That Antony II and his family have been part of this sect can almost certainly be deduced from the following observations:

  1. Antony’s coming from Wieuwerd in 1694
  2. Antony’s son Simeon late baptism in 1705 at the age of 24 (the Labadists rejected infant baptism) and the fact that he testifies in a trial before the Court of Friesland that he had been attacked and been called a Labadist by a bully in 1723.
  3. Among the Labadists there are three Bonte, two men and a woman, who may well have been relatives ofAntony’s wife Josine Bonte.

Because of the peculiar beliefs of the sect about marriage and baptism and because of their wanderings, there is almost no data from the BMB registers to be found [65]. When and whereAntonyand Josine were married and how many children they conceived, we do not know. Marriages were the “governance” of the sect rather regulated in a authoritarian way. They were sometimes delayed a long time and, especially in the early years inGermany, once they were authorised, carried a rather informal – not public – character. Furthermore the children were not baptized, as we mentioned.

Yet we can reconstruct from subsequent judicial documents, where their ages are mentioned, the years of birth of Joseph (1675) and Simeon 1681). Given the usual fertility of marriage at that time, this posterity seems small and the distance in ages between Joseph and Simeon too large. We can therefore assume that there would have been more children no longer alive, than those who settled in Sneek in 1694. Antonywas 31 years old at the birth of Joseph and 37 at the birth of Simeon. Josine maybe have been a little younger, if one considers that she died in 1726, which was 45 years after the birth of Simeon, and would have given her the venerable age of about 80.

We know that the Labadists-church had a highly cosmopolitan character (French, Germans and Dutch) and counted among them aristocratic ladies, artists and intellectuals, in addition to simple folk. In Wieuwerd a former pastor was dispensing Latin lessons to the children. There are also indications of textile work in Wieuwerd. Among other forms of industry the then famous Labadists wool was also produced.

When the community of goods with which the sect lived was formally abolished in 1688, the exodus started and whereby everybody could take a portion of his contribution.Antonymust have had at least the 800 guilders to purchase the house in the Grootzand, and will possibly have received fixed assets to establish his textile company. Transport by barge from Wieuwerd to Sneek was not difficult.

Why he left six years later, is not clear. It is not very likely that he and his wife were still connected to the idealistic, monastic way of life of the Labadist community, if you see with which vigour the family developed once they were back “in the world” (as the Labadists called this). Or were the financial takings in the first phase of the exodus from Wieuwerd too little and one had to wait for a more favourable opportunity? There was also contact with the family inUtrecht, an impoverished city, where the outlook was not all that rosy and which had already been abandoned by brother Jacobus in 1692.

Eventually they decided to settle in the nearby Sneek. It surely was not easy to conquer its proper place, even here. Although the Sunday sermon in Wieuwerd had drawn hundreds of onlookers and sympathizers in the heyday around 1685, one can still safely assume that public opinion was not entirely pro Labadist and that the local pastors did not much appreciate the abrasive community of Waltastate. It is therefore striking that neitherAntonynor Josine or son Joseph had ever been registered as member of the local Reformed Church. Only the youngest son Simeon arriving in Sneek when only thirteen years old, was baptized in 1705 as a prerequisite for his confession and his membership of the Church and of the establishment, a few months before his marriage.

Antony II dies thus in 1704 at age 60. His widow Josine, which according to the income tax registers the house on continues to inhabit the Grootzand, will survive him 22 years. She died on 7 July 1726, more then 80 years old. We know this not only from the death registry [66] but also from the handwritten note by her grandson Pytter (Petrus) made in the family register that it was created and is maintained by three generations:

The 7 July 1726 evening between 10 and eleven is my dear Grandmother Josina Bonte has Rested in The Lord [67]“.

With this was the adventurous life of Antony II and Josine had come to an end.

 

 Catherine in Utrecht and Sneek

Anthony’s youngest – and only surviving – sister, 25 years, was married on April 5, 1683 [68] in the Cross Guesthouse inUtrechtwith John Hagedoorn, from “Bouckom” [69]. Intended is here the town ofBochomin Westphalia, a German region from which formerly many young men moved to the prosperous Republic of theNetherlands. The marriage was solemnized in the Reformed Church. Witnesses were Jacobus Tromwel for the groom and mother Annichen for the bride. From this marriage four children were born inUtrechtin the run of the years:

  1. Johannus, baptised March 23,1684 inJan’s Church
  2. Antoni, baptised December 19,1686 intheJacobiChurch
  3. Annigjen, baptised December 21,1689 intheJacobiChurch
  4. Jacobus, baptised December 10,1691 intheJacobiChurch

The recorded address of the parents for the first baptism wasLambert Streetand the second the Gooresteeg. These no longer existing streets were located in the northern part of the city, according to the churches, where the baptisms took place.

Twice more does the name Johannes Hagedoorn appear in theUtrechtregisters: when his brother Jacobus Noyon transfers the house in the Sloyersteeg on 26 March 1692 and when he transfers in turn this house to someone else, a certain Willem van der Elst, on 4 September 1696 [70]. His profession is not listed.

Two years later, on October 20, 1698, were registered as member of the Reformed church in Sneek: Catherina Noyon, housewife of Jan Hagedoorn, with a certificate fromUtrecht. Later we find Catherina, her husband and her three eldest children back in the BMB-registers in Sneek (Jacobus was probably already deceased at that time). Jan Hagedoorn had leftUtrechtwith his family, probably suggested by his brother in lawAntonyto come to Sneek in the hope of a better life, or even the prospect of a job in the textile business. There are no direct indications for this. It is certain however that the children of Jan and Catherina and their descendants (the name Hagedoorn disappears in Sneek after some generations) lived at a much lower level of wealth than their more prosperous cousins. As profession  sometimes weaver is mentioned. It also appears that one of them lived in a house which was bought byAntony’s son Joseph in the Groot Zuideinde and at the liquidation of his estate the house could be obtained by them in ownership [71].

About Catherina, we know only that she died on 21 May 1714  at the age of 57 after a sixteen-year stay in Sneek. Her husband Jan Hagedoorn survived her seven years and was buried 26 January1721 inSneek.

 

 The branch Jacob: Utrecht and The Hague

Jacobus from the Geertesteeg and Engeltje van Hoboken from Brigittenstraat married on the 27th May1672 inthe Reformed Cathedral, three weeks before the French occupied the city. Witnesses are his father Anthoni and her mother  Niesgen van Emmenes.

Noteworthy is that the groom lives in the Geertesteeg. This is also the case with his younger brother Joannes, who, after all, is said to have died here five months later. And finally, it appears that at his return from Terneuzen early 1670 the oldest brotherAntonyalso houses in the Geertesteeg, as is registered in theUtrechtchurch books [55]. It seems likely, therefore, that the three brothers, 28, 26 and 22 years old, lived there together and no longer with their parents in the Sloyersteeg.

 

 Genealogy

Jacobus Noyon, baptisedUtrecht1st October 1646, wool comber, died ?

From his marriage with Engeltje:

a)                  Niesgen (Agnes) Noyon, baptised in Utrecht 25 December 1674, died in The Hague, 29 April 1740, marries 1st Utrecht 11 May 1706 Hendrik van Lochem, from Utrecht, moved before 24 May 1707 to The Hague, died there 16 January 1713, marries 2nd in Scheveningen 31 September 1719 Hendrik van der Horst, from Deventer, died ?

b)                  Anthoni Noyon, baptisedUtrecht16 April 1677 died there 30 April 1677.

c)                   Anna (Johanna) Noyon, baptisedUtrecht1 December 1678, died ?, marries (prenuptials,The Hague, 7 October) 1708 Salomon Bleekman from Doesburg, died. ?

d)                  Abraham Noyon, baptisedUtrecht5 March 1682.

e)                  Jacoba Noyon, baptisedUtrecht, 6 June 1683.

One of the last two children diedUtrecht, 14 April 1685 [56].

About Engeltje’s family we are further informed by a notary’s protocol of 1 September 1679: Hereby declare Johannes van Hoboocken, baker, Jacobus Noyon, wool comber married to Engeltje van Hoboocken, Paulus van Hoboocken and of the children of blessed Jacobus van Hoboocken that Niesgen of Emmenes, widow of Abraham van Hoboocken, their mother and mother in law is deceased.

The five children are baptized in two different churches: Niesgen and Abraham in Geertekerk (Nos. a and d) and Anthoni, Anna and Jacoba in the Catharijnekerk (Nos b, c and e).

In the register of deaths is stated that on 14 April 1685 that the child of Jacobus “Noyen” is buried for free. This may be either Abraham or Jacoba. If the former is the case, then the branch of Jacobus Noyon is extinct in the male line. If it was Jacoba however who died, it is possible that the name itself has continued to exist through Abraham in a “lost” branch, which I have not been able to find.

At the first baptism it is stated that Jacobus and Engeltje lived in the Brigittenstraat (the bride lived here at her wedding, would they have cohabited with her parents?). At the baptism of the second child they lived in the nearby Vrouw Juttesteeg. It is likely that the family lived here until the end of 1685 when the house in the Sloyersteeg came in Jacobus’ possession after the death of his father. It is safe to assume that mother Annichen then lived with him. James sells this house on 26 March 1692 to his brother Johannes Hagedoorn, the husband of his sister Catherine.

Before however Jacobus disappears for ever with this sale from the Utrechtannals, we encounter him but once more in the curious document of 6 December 1680, which has already been mentioned, and in which he attempted in vain to convince the city dignitaries to lease him the city mill on the Hoogen Oord[57].

We can deduct the further life of two adult daughters, Niesgen and Anna from the BMB data. Although they actually belong to the third generation, we will nevertheless close this chapter on the Jacobus branch with their further fate.

 

 Niesgen (Agnes)

On 11 May 1706 marries the then 29-year-old Niesgen in Anthonigasthuis named as Agnes, young daughter living in the Voorstraat, in marriage with Henry of Lochem, young man [58] living in the Jeronymusschool. The mother of the groom and the father of the bride were witnesses. Father Jacob is therefore still alive. Did he still live inUtrechtor did he came over specially for the ceremony?, He had already disposed of his house in the Sloyersteeg in 1692.

Apparently the young couple soon moved to The Hague, because on 24 May 1707 there is registry entry in the New Reformed Church for the baptism of Gerrit van Lochem, father Hendrik and mother Agnes. A funeral registry in Hague on May 26, 1707 is a mistery: at that date, “the young Hendrick Lochem” was pro bono are buried. Te reference should undoubtedly be “the young son of Hendrick Lochum”, namely the two-day-old Gerrit.
Only on the 1 January 1713 there was a second baptism registration of the couple, and this time in the Roman Catholic (!) Church in the Assendelftstraat. The priestl F. George de St. Agnes registers the baptized as Jean Henri Loc(h)um, mother Agnes Noyon, Father Henri, godfather Jean Cossa.

On 16 January 1713 Hendrick van Lochem is buried pro bono. On 31 December 1719 than the 45-year-old Agnes, widow of Hendrick van Lochem, born in Utrecht, remarries Hendrik van der Horst, young man of Deventer, both residing in The Hague. The marriage is now back again in the Reformed Church of Scheveningen [59]. Children are obviously not born and on 29 April 1740, we find the registration entry: Agnes Noyon, 4th class buried, 3,- florins, sixty years [should be 66!].

 

Anna (Johanna)

Anna apparently followed her sister toThe Haguebecause as Johanna Noyon, young daughter fromUtrecht, she registers there on 7 October1708 inpre-marriage with Salomon Bleckman (Bleekman), young from Doesburg, both residing inThe Hague. Johanna is 29 years old. I have not found the wedding date and further information about this couple. With Anna’s marriage we close the branch Jacobus.

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